Parachute flies are flies where the hackle is wound around a wing post. The hackle helps the fly to land and sit correctly on the water. This tying method is used for imitations of mayfl y duns or emerging insects.

The Klinkhamer
Some say this pattern was a revolution in fly design. Even though half of the fly is submerged, it’s a dry fly as the prominent wing is very visible on the water.

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Parachute Mayfly

This fly can be tied in a variety of colour combinations to match the hatch. The cocked up wing post is imitating the wing of a mayfly dun.

Small mayflies are very effective patterns in trout and grayling fishing. The wing post looks very much like the cocked up wing of the real insect. The mayfly duns look like little sailboats when they are floating downstream on calm water. Many believe that the impression of the tails on the water are another trigger for the fish. I am not so sure about that as mayflies without these tails also catch fish, but I am sure that tails are very good outriggers and help the fly to sit correctly on the water’s surface.

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Carpet Yarn Caddis

Extended bodies flies are patterns where the insect’s abdomen is completely or partly separated from the hook shank. Traditionally, the hook shank is used as the core for the insects imitations abdomen and thorax. This is not the case with extended body flies. On these, only the thorax and / or the wing-case are wound around and onto the hook-shank. The positive arguments for extended body flies are strong.

Firstly, you are not limited by the hooks size and shape. Secondly, the extended bodies have a more realistic appearance as they are not as stiff as abdomen constructed directly on the hook shank. Finally, they also float very well, which enables one to use heavier and stronger hooks. Once one has understood the basic concepts, they are quick and easy to tie.

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Daddy Longlegs

The term terrestrials describes “land based” insects which live close to the water. These insects enter the fish’s kingdom mostly accidentally. They fall off overhanging vegetation or are blown onto the water by wind. They aren’t very good swimmers either.

It can be very productive fishing these type of imitations though, the Daddy Longlegs pattern has an almost mystical fame.

Apart from their good fishability they are a lot of fun to tie. There are more people familiar with land insects than their aquatic cousins. Tying terrestrials is good fun and one often receives very good comments from fishermen and non-anglers alike as this easy pattern looks very much like the real «thing».

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CDC Mohican Mayfly

Almost no fly fisher can deny the fascination for big mayflies. The insects of the ephemera genus are more than special. Their graceful mating dance is mesmerising. Fishing the E. Vulgata hatch in the lakes is one of the highlights of our summer.

The adult insect is between 14 – 25mm, the females being much larger than the male. The main features of this insect are the long body and the beautiful upright, sail like wings when sitting on the water. The Mohican Mayfly by Oliver Edwards is the pattern which made the extended foam body known to the public.

Be aware of the proportions; the wing is as long as the fly’s abdomen, do not make it too short. Let’s have a look at the various parts of the fly.

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Bibio Marci

Bibio marci or St. Mark’s fl y is another terrestrial of the family Bibionidae. The name comes from the fact that the adults usually emerge around St Mark’s Day, 25th April. This is not the case in Norway & Scandinavia, we have a similar fl y here appearing in summer.

The very long trailing legs are a characteristic of the Bibio. The pattern is tied without hackle and relies on the foam wing-case to keep it afloat. It might seem like a rather simple tie, but tying with foam is not that easy. Compressing material onto a small hook and keeping the proportions realistic takes some practice.

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Partridge Gammarus

Like the USD Caddis, Oliver Edward’s Gammarus version features very realistic legs and is very convincing. This pattern is certainly the more complicated way of tying a Gammarus imitation, but it’s worth the extra effort. The partridge feather legs look very real in the water. I have seen fish cross a stream to pick up this fly from the riverbed.

Gammarus feed on debris, so they are often found where there are leaves and other organic material decomposing in the water. Look for the decomposing vegetation and leaves in the water, trout are often to be found feeding here in the late summer and early autumn. These often pile up in back eddies and such.

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Hare Mayfly Emerger

Hare Mayfly Emerger

This fly’s simplicity and effectiveness in striking and almost an insult to those other flies one spend countless hours tying, whereas filling a box with these just takes minutes.

This fly in different sizes and colours should be in every fly box. You might want to read Bob Wyatt’s fantastic Book “What Trout want.”, should you feel the desire to get deeper into the matter.

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Hare Mayfly Dun


The Hare Mayfly Dun, whatever you want to call it, is actually a more generic pattern than the name suggests. The intended imitation is highly dependant on the presentation. Fished in a dead drift it sure looks like a very freshly emerged dun, still sorting the wings. When damp and sunk in the film a little more it looks more like an emerger. However, it also works when fished wet, even stripped. Than the voluminous wing is folded backwards giving the perfect impression of swimming caddis pupae.

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