Red Tag

The famous Red Tag. It is said that Grayling are specifically fond of this pattern. In my experience trout love the little bug as well.  The Red Tag consists of three parts. Tail, body and hackle. The tail is made from red wool, cotton or synthetic yarn – hence the name “red tag”. The abdomen is made with peacock herl and for the hackle a cock feather is used. If you have learnt the Griffith’s Gnat, the Red Tag will be a piece of cake.

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Hare Nymph

Larvae imitations are called Nymphs in fly fishing. They are very effective lures as aquatic insects (aka fi sh food) which spend most of their lives under water.

Larvae are frequently adapted to environments separate from adults. For example, some larvae such as tadpoles live almost exclusively in aquatic environments, but can live outside water as adult frogs.

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Czech Nymph

Maybe one of the simplest of all nymphs, but certainly one of the most effective patterns ever. It’s famous amongst competition anglers. It either imitates a caddis larva or a freshwater shrimp. I tend to see more of a caddis larva in it. Your vision may vary. Anyway – fish just see “FOOD” flashing in big letters when this comes trundling along in front of their noses.

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Klinkhamer

Parachute flies are flies where the hackle is wound around a wing post. The hackle helps the fly to land and sit correctly on the water. This tying method is used for imitations of mayfl y duns or emerging insects.

The Klinkhamer
Some say this pattern was a revolution in fly design. Even though half of the fly is submerged, it’s a dry fly as the prominent wing is very visible on the water.

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Parachute Mayfly

This fly can be tied in a variety of colour combinations to match the hatch. The cocked up wing post is imitating the wing of a mayfly dun.

Small mayflies are very effective patterns in trout and grayling fishing. The wing post looks very much like the cocked up wing of the real insect. The mayfly duns look like little sailboats when they are floating downstream on calm water. Many believe that the impression of the tails on the water are another trigger for the fish. I am not so sure about that as mayflies without these tails also catch fish, but I am sure that tails are very good outriggers and help the fly to sit correctly on the water’s surface.

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Carpet Yarn Caddis

Extended bodies flies are patterns where the insect’s abdomen is completely or partly separated from the hook shank. Traditionally, the hook shank is used as the core for the insects imitations abdomen and thorax. This is not the case with extended body flies. On these, only the thorax and / or the wing-case are wound around and onto the hook-shank. The positive arguments for extended body flies are strong. Firstly, you are not limited by the hooks size and shape. Secondly, the extended bodies have a more realistic appearance as they are not as stiff as abdomen constructed directly on the hook shank. Finally, they also float very well, which enables one to use heavier and stronger hooks. Once one has understood the basic concepts, they are quick and easy to tie.

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